Assurance services and the integrity of financial reporting. It is inappropriate to audit your own work. Auditors are expected to be unbiased and impartial with respect to the financial statements and other information they audit.
If an auditor is invested in any way in the organization that his is auditing, then the unbiased review cannot be assured. The integrity cannot be there.
The reporting should be clear and concise and include no misleading information. The notion of individual independence is more specific in the conduct of each audit engagement.
Auditing and assurance services. The standard for due audit care is the care that would be exercised by a reasonable auditor in the same circumstance. If an error in an accounting function is uncovered during an audit by the same person that caused the error, it is uncommon for even the highly ethical person to disclose their error.
The exercise of due professional care requires observance of all general standards and fieldwork standards but adds an additional element of professionalism. Auditors must properly plan and supervise the audit in order to complete the engagement on a timely basis.
I would think that if an audit firm followed the 10 GAAS properly and consistently, then the courts would consider the standard to have been met.
The prudent auditor is one who exercises reasonable judgment, who is not expected to be omniscient, who is presumed to have knowledge special to his or her profession, who is expected to be aware of his or her own ignorance, and who is expected to possess the skills of the profession, whether a beginner or a veteran.
This is one of the major reasons that Congress came down so hard with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. Independence is critical in the auditing profession.
They are expected to be fair both to the companies and executives who issue financial information and to the outside persons who use it. The concept of independence is necessary to provide impartiality and objectivity. Why were independence issues a primary concern of Congress when they developed the Sarbanes-Oxley Act?
My interpretation of this is to be thorough and objective. If an inconsistency is found, investigate it completely to see if it may be just a honest error or an intentional act of misconduct. Why is independence often considered the cornerstone of the auditing profession?
In essence, an individual auditor must not subordinate his or her judgment to that of others and must stay away from influences that might bias judgment. In the case of Enron, the Houston office of Arthur Andersen was involved in producing the financial statements and other accounting functions at Enron.
Due professional care is to be exercised in the performance of the audit and the preparation of the report.Discover the best resource for University of Phoenix homework help: University Of Phoenix study guides, notes, practice tests, and more.
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