It is considered the classic water-borne disease for its close association with water Sack et al. The Centers for Disease Control estimate that about 1 million persons in the United States are now infected with HIV and projects thatAIDS cases will have been diagnosed in the United States by the end of andpatients will have died by that time.
Saliva may contain the virus, but transmission is not known to occur by kissing. One reason for optimism is that a very few persons who were once HIV-positive have spontaneously become HIV-negative, indicating that the immune system is probably capable in rare instances of the virus, many think it unlikely that any whole-virus vaccine, either killed or attenuated, would be acceptable for use on uninfected persons.
Some pathogens are in the air and can be inhaled.
The disease has also become subject to many controversies involving religion. A cholera outbreak should be suspected if a person older than Pathogens and hiv essay years becomes dehydrated or dies from acute watery diarrhea or when there is a sudden rise in such incidence, especially when "rice water" stools, similar to those of cholera, are observed Sack et al.
Pathogens can enter the body if the skin is dirty, broken or has cuts. Some experts fear that a lower perception of vulnerability among circumcised men may result in more sexual risk-taking behavior, thus negating its preventive effects.
The risk of sexual transmission is minimized by the use of condoms. Persons of the blood group O. Rhinoviruses are most active in spring, early fall and summer and grow best at 91 degrees temperature, which is the temperature of the human nose. Heterosexual contact is much more likely to transmit HIV when genital lesions are present.
Shortly after the initial infection, the patient undergoes seroconversion—that is, tests positive for antibodies to HIV.
Implications for Health and Wellness. Evidence for a benefit from peer education is equally poor. Journal of Social Work Education, Vol. This primarily involves the use of a combination of antivirals during pregnancy and after birth in the infant but also potentially includes bottle feeding rather than breastfeeding.
These non-fatal bacteria do not spread easily. At the present state of therapy, most persons entering this stage will die within about two years. In some cities in Peru, for example, the disease spread through the municipal water system, which brought about high levels of infection in the urban areas.
The duration of the symptoms varies, but is usually one or two weeks. But some pathogens are able to withstand the mucous barrier and enter the lungs. Serum-neutralizing antibodies are also undetected until 14 days after infection.
Chemotherapy A promising approach to arresting an HIV infection is to flood the body with artificially produced, soluble CD4-type molecules that would bind to circulating viruses before they could locate a CD4 receptor on a T cell. Genetic research indicates that HIV originated in west-central Africa during the early twentieth century.Excerpt from Essay: Diseases and Pathogens Pathogens Pathogens are disease-causing or infectious microorganisms (EPAKennedy ).
Some of them are often found in water from sewage discharges, leaking septic tanks, or runoff from feedlots. Sep 12, · Employees with AIDS/HIV and exposure to blood borne pathogens Shem Andrews September 12, Choose one topic from the following list and evaluate how the chosen topic impacts your role as an advanced practice nurse.
HIV and AIDS AIDS and HIV are both very serious conditions that can occur within the body if one does not take care of themselves and practice safe sex. AIDS is the disease caused by HIV.
HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. /5(10). The Occupational Health and Safety Administration defines blood borne pathogens as “infectious microorganisms in human blood that can cause disease in humans” (OSHA,) These pathogens include hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), along with many others.
The Transmission Of Pathogens Biology Essay. Print Reference this. Published: 23rd March, Disclaimer: This essay has been submitted by a student.
This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers. HIV. Essay on HIV/AIDS: Signs, Symptoms and Prevention! Human immunodeficiency virus infection/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a disease of the human immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
During the initial infection a person may experience a brief period of.Download