This situation is problematic enough where a clearly identified family is involved. There is an urgent need to think through the relevant ethical issues.
Particular appeals to "freedom" or "choice" may seem persuasive.
There is no encouragement in this way of looking at the world to consider the well-being of others, for that is irrelevant as long as it does not matter to me. However, human cloning is not covered by this exception for two reasons.
This process was reportedly carried out in a sheep to produce the sheep clone named Dolly 3 but attention quickly shifted to the prospects for cloning human beings by which I will mean here and throughout, cloning by nuclear transfer.
I will begin by explaining the first two justifications. Cloning We live in a brave new world in which reproductive technologies are ravaging as well as Essays cloning unethical families. The Destiny Justification As noted near the outset of the chapter, there is a third type of proposed justification for human cloning which moves us more explicitly into the realm of theological reflection: The irony of this last situation, though, is that the clone will not become the same child as was lost--both the child and the clone being the product of far more than their genetics.
However, it is demeaning to "use" people in this way.
Normally, experimentation on human beings is allowed only with their explicit consent. The method involved not merely splitting an early-stage embryo to produce identical twins. In an autonomy-based approach, there is no commitment to justice, caring, or any other ethical standards that would safeguard those least able to stand up for themselves.
Assessing Autonomy Many people today are less persuaded by utility justifications than they are by appeals to autonomy. Although in theory I should respect the autonomy of others as I live out my own autonomy, in practice an autonomous mindset predisposes me to be unconcerned about how my actions will affect others.
There is only space here to note two of the many that weigh heavily against human cloning. An honest, complete autonomy-based evaluation of human cloning would have to consider the autonomy of all persons involved, including the people produced through cloning, and not just the autonomy of researchers and people desiring to have clones.
People have a God-given dignity that prevents us from using them as mere means to achieve our purposes. Society should do everything possible to enhance the ability of individuals and groups to pursue what they deem most important. But we do not go around doing that. While no scientifically verifiable birth of a human clone has yet been reported, the technology and scientific understanding are already in place to make such an event plausible at any time now.
Rather, similar mistakes and loss of human life would be occurring almost simultaneously at various private and public research sites. Even more dangerous is the absence of limits to what can be justified. God is the creator, and we worship God as such.
Byfor example, scientist Richard Seed had announced intentions to set up a Human Clone Clinic--first in Chicago, then in ten to twenty locations nationally, then in five to six locations internationally.
Attention to this issue was spurred by the reported cloning of a large mammal--a sheep--in a new way. They can readily be critiqued on their own terms. More specifically, such freedom requires the framework in which autonomy is under God, not over God, a framework in which respecting freedom is not just wishful or convenient thinking that gives way as soon as individuals or society as a whole have more to gain by disregarding it.
Utility justifications are common in discussions of human cloning.We live in a brave new world in which reproductive technologies are ravaging as well as replenishing families.
Increasingly common are variations of the situation in which "baby's mother is also grandma-and sister."1 Sometimes extreme measures are necessary in order to have the kind of child we want. Free environmental ethics papers, essays, and research papers.Download