Having traced the origins, characters, and changes over time of the content of the myths, Hamilton now tackles their literary record. The Fates were three powerful goddesses who determined the lives of men. Epimetheus was a stupid Titan whose name means "after-thought.
A female character type who brings upon catastrophic and disastrous events. He contemplated including a diagram of his wheel in Anatomy of Criticism but thought better of it. Hewas also known as Bacchus, Latin Liber, a god of drunkenness. His Latin names were Dis and Pluto. Oceanus was the unending stream that encircled the world, a Titan, who with his wife Tethys produced the rivers and the three thousand ocean nymphs.
He is the armorer and smith of the gods, and along with Athena is the patron of handicrafts. The western lands and seas were populated with monstrous beings: Spretnak argues that prior to the establishment of the patriarchal Olympic mythological tradition, which developed after early Greece was invaded by the lonians, the Achaeans, and later by the Dorians, who took up residence from about to B.
She was sometimes called Pallas Athena. Kirk divides hero myths into three categories as well: The Gorgons mostly exist for a hero to slay, but the Sileni and Centaurs are part of the natural world, neither good nor evil.
The Romans liked him more than the Greeks did, and to them Mars was a noble, powerful warrior. Romance and summer are paired together because summer is the culmination of life in the seasonal calendar, and the romance genre culminates with some sort of triumph, usually a marriage. Hades was lord of the underworld, the region of the dead.
She was also a goddess of the arts and the guardian of Athens. The Graiae are also three sisters, old women who share one eye between them. Hades rarely leaves the underworld to visit Olympus, and the gods do not welcome him.
The Greeks responded with enthusiasm. The underworld itself is often called Hades as well, and is a mysterious place somewhere beneath the earth. But their lust for reputation made them touchy about their honor, for they were also feisty and vengeful.
Pan, the son of Hermes, was the god of flocks. Movement towards the death or defeat of the hero. Active Themes Hamilton then describes the home of the gods, Mount Olympus. Zeus mostly has two seemingly contradictory traits.
To the Greeks, the life of the gods so closely resembled human life that the gods felt real and tangible, rather than incomprehensible and remote. Hesiod was a poor farmer, and his myths reflect his deep religious piety and the harshness of his life.
Active Themes Besides the twelve Olympians, there are other lesser divinities in Olympus as well. Clio of history, Melpomene of tragedy, Urania of astronomy, Thalia of comedy, Terpsichore of dance, Calliope of epic poetry, Erato of love verse, Euterpe of lyric poems, and Polyhymnia of sacred songs.
The sea was very important to the Greeks as a method of travel and source of food, so Poseidon was a very significant god, and he will be accompanied by a host of other creatures. He carries a trident and gave the first horse to mankind.
Olympus is a perfect place where rain never falls and the gods spend their time feasting and listening to music.
However, Hamilton says she has tried to use Ovid as sparingly as possible because, as he appeared so late in the game, and he did not believe in the myths he was writing and merely treated them as tales.
Frazer was part of a group of comparative anthropologists working out of Cambridge University who worked extensively on the topic. And once the departed spirits passed they had to be ferried across the River Styx by Charon, the foul-tempered boatman.
This suddenly made the world seem more rational, as the Greeks could understand their gods. It is not part of heaven, however, but neither is it on earth, the sea, or the realm of the dead. Their stories show all of these traits in abundance. Hephaestus was the lame, ugly god of the crafts, a skilled artisan who created many wonderful things.
On the contrary, Hamilton notes, the lives of ancient people were not romantic and beautiful, but full of hardship, disease, and violence. Proserpina was her Latin name. Other Titans include Coeus and Crius.What is Greek Mythology?
• The people of ancient Greece shared stories called myths about the gods, goddesses, and heroes in which they believed. • Each god or goddess was worshipped as a deity and.
Archetypal literary criticism is a type of critical theory that interprets a text by focusing on recurring myths and archetypes (from the Greek archē, "beginning", and typos, "imprint") in the narrative, symbols, images, and character types in literary work.
Feb 24, · Welcome to Crash Course World Mythology, our latest adventure (and this series may be literally adventurous) in education. Over the next 40 episodes. Concept Analysis LITERARY TEXT: Hamilton, Edith.
Mythology. Boston: Little, Brown and, Print. PLOT SUMMARY Hamilton starts the book with an introduction to Greek mythology. She points out that Greek myths are unique because they depict a people that had risen above the brutality and savagery of previous eras.
heroes perform their. Fritz Graf, in his book Greek Mythology (Baltimore ) defines myth as a "traditional tale", with two characteristics that distinguishes it from a legend or a fairy tale.
First, a. The 19th-century American writer Thomas Bullfinch produced popular versions of the Greek and Roman myths in his The Age of Fables or Stories of Gods and Heroes () available online through the links below from Bullfinch's Mythology, a link from the EDSITEment resource Internet Public Library.Download